Research applicable to all diseases and conditions or to general health and well-being of individuals. Public health research, epidemiology and health services research that is not focused on specific conditions. Underpinning biological, psychosocial, economic or methodological studies that are not specific to individual diseases or conditions
In pregnancy, the experience of domestic violence can have serious adverse maternal and neonatal health effects, and epigenetic studies indicate long-lasting consequences on children as they grow into adulthood. Antenatal care is a window of opportunity to reduce these harmful health consequences as most women use these health services in their lifetimes.